Tomcat init.d script

May 14th, 2011

For some reason allmost all the init.d scripts for starting and stoping tomcat just calls tomcat's startup.sh and shutdown.sh scripts. I am ok with that as far as they work. The startup script works just fine but when I want to restart or stop a tomcat instance, in most cases I have to just kill the process.

A solution

So what I need is a way to try stop tomcat with it's shutdown script, wait a little bit to see if tomcat shutdown and if not just kill the process. The script below does exactly that.

#!/bin/bash
#
# tomcat7     This shell script takes care of starting and stopping Tomcat
#
# chkconfig: - 80 20
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: tomcat7
# Required-Start: $network $syslog
# Required-Stop: $network $syslog
# Default-Start:
# Default-Stop:
# Description: Release implementation for Servlet 2.5 and JSP 2.1
# Short-Description: start and stop tomcat
### END INIT INFO

## Source function library.
#. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/default
export JAVA_OPTS="-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 \
  -Dcatalina.logbase=/var/log/tomcat7 \
  -Dnet.sf.ehcache.skipUpdateCheck=true \
  -XX:+DoEscapeAnalysis \
  -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC \
  -XX:+CMSClassUnloadingEnabled \
  -XX:+UseParNewGC \
  -XX:MaxPermSize=128m \
  -Xms512m -Xmx512m"
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
TOMCAT_HOME=/usr/share/tomcat7
SHUTDOWN_WAIT=20

tomcat_pid() {
  echo `ps aux | grep org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap | grep -v grep | awk '{ print $2 }'`
}

start() {
  pid=$(tomcat_pid)
  if [ -n "$pid" ] 
  then
    echo "Tomcat is already running (pid: $pid)"
  else
    # Start tomcat
    echo "Starting tomcat"
    ulimit -n 100000
    umask 007
    /bin/su -p -s /bin/sh tomcat $TOMCAT_HOME/bin/startup.sh
  fi


  return 0
}

stop() {
  pid=$(tomcat_pid)
  if [ -n "$pid" ]
  then
    echo "Stoping Tomcat"
    /bin/su -p -s /bin/sh tomcat $TOMCAT_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh

    let kwait=$SHUTDOWN_WAIT
    count=0;
    until [ `ps -p $pid | grep -c $pid` = '0' ] || [ $count -gt $kwait ]
    do
      echo -n -e "\nwaiting for processes to exit";
      sleep 1
      let count=$count+1;
    done

    if [ $count -gt $kwait ]; then
      echo -n -e "\nkilling processes which didn't stop after $SHUTDOWN_WAIT seconds"
      kill -9 $pid
    fi
  else
    echo "Tomcat is not running"
  fi
 
  return 0
}

case $1 in
start)
  start
;; 
stop)   
  stop
;; 
restart)
  stop
  start
;;
status)
  pid=$(tomcat_pid)
  if [ -n "$pid" ]
  then
    echo "Tomcat is running with pid: $pid"
  else
    echo "Tomcat is not running"
  fi
;; 
esac    
exit 0

It would be much better to have a pid file at start time and use that one and not try to figure out the pid from ps. Maybe next version.

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